The following article was prepared by Daniel Groves and published originally on The Construction Labor Market Analyzer’s website, myclma.com. It has been re-published on Construction Junkie with permission from the author. The CLMA® is an online application designed to help owners, contractors, unions and other industry stakeholders dynamically understand the skilled labor market in a collaborative environment and know how to more effectively manage project labor risk.
Construction incident reporting systems are generally implemented by states and companies to analyze, track and document all accidents that have taken place on a job site. The data that is compiled is then used as a means of developing a proactive approach to future onsite safety.
Creating a Safe Workplace
Construction incident reporting as an element of Safety and Health Management Systems (SHMS) are effective when based on five primary elements:
- Management Commitment and Planning – Management must be 100% committed to the construction incident reporting systems program in order to be effective. Program parameters and safety reporting needs to be proactive and used consistently on all projects.
- Employee Involvement – Employees need to understand that their involvement is critical and mandatory for a plan's success and effectiveness. They need to understand that reporting incidents is expected and safe from any negative reprisals or actions.
- Hazard Prevention and Control – New Projects should be planned based on the learnings form the SHMS. By addressing potential hazards early and in a preventative manner, incidents can be reduced and controlled.
- Safety and Health Training – Implementing a policy and practice of training employees prior to deploying them on site can raise awareness and prevent incidents from occurring.
- Worksite Analysis – The jobsite must be monitored for any inconsistencies with the plan that may lead to injury. All new incidents should be analyzed and added to the SHMS.
Taking a systematic and proactive approach as well as implementing protocols when an incident does occur can help to integrate safety and health objectives into a company’s organizational structure.
The Results of Implementing a SHMS
Implementing a systematic proactive approach can reduce the number and severity of incidents and save lives. Creating a system that supports the company philosophy and clearly stating and communicating policy goals can become an asset for workers, clients and the business. Tracking incidents allows for the development of long-term solutions rather than one-time fixes and evaluation of continuous data promotes continual improvement. Implementing an effective system can positively impact the company’s bottom line.
Why They Work
An SHMS system works when employees clearly understand both the benefits and company policy. Management needs to plan, develop, implement and enforce standard safety procedures while educating workers of the benefits of compliance with company policy. Keeping the reporting process simple, easy and transparent, will help to improve worker compliance.
Construction incident reporting systems work because they take a historical look at past incidents as a means to proactively approach the future job site with an eye towards safety for employees. Making employees aware of potential dangers thru education and a strong in-place policy of preventative action will reduce the number and severity of incidents adding benefits for employees, reducing costs for job management and giving companies a valid marketing tool to attract quality workers generate new work.
Original Article: How Construction Incident Reporting Systems Can Save Lives |Daniel Groves, CLM
Scissor lifts are on most typical construction job sites and they’re an often overlooked hazard. Too often, liberties are taken with the lifts that create unsafe conditions, which can cause injuries and deaths. OSHA recently released the results of their investigation of 10 fatalities and 20 injuries involving scissor lifts and released their findings in what the organization refers to as a “Hazard Alert.”
If you’re into heights, then China may be the place you need to be. The country recently unveiled the world’s highest and longest glass bridge and, as scary as many tourists may find that, it was way more dangerous while it was under construction. New footage of another construction site in the Laowang Monutains is giving that bridge a run for it’s money.
Since Construction Junkie was conceived in 2015, we’ve seen a lot of construction equipment flip for some really stupid reasons. Like this crane, this other crane, and this third crane dropping a bulldozer. Those are just some of the ones caught on video and they should be enough to convince you not to go out of your way to do dangerous things with a crane.
A portion of the Skagit River Bridge, located in Mount Vernon, Washington catastrophically collapsed into the water below after a semi hauling an oversized load clipped a cross beam in 2013. Luckily and amazingly, no one was killed by the incident, but 3 people were taken to the hospital for minor injuries as several cars fell into the river. It took over 3 years to determine a cause and the report states that there were several causes. First, below is security camera footage of the collapse, uploaded to Youtube by newschannel500, in which you can see just how quickly the collapse happened.
Cranes are a staple of many construction sites throughout the world, but they’re susceptible to damage caused by sudden bursts of high wind. Winds were blamed for the collapse of the New York City crane collapse that killed one man and injured 3 others in 2016 and again for the devastating crane collapse in Mecca, which killed over 100.
Much like the stories above, a crane collapsed last week in Dubai, UAE, after sudden heavy winds burst through town.
Tragedy struck a Florida construction company last week after 3 construction workers passed away while working underground below a newly paved road. Another volunteer firefighter is in critical condition, and possibly in a coma according to WSVN Miami, after entering the manhole trying to save the victims.
No matter how fun demolitions and demolition videos might be, there’s an inherent danger to performing them that cannot be overlooked. Just last year, a different parking garage collapsed during a demolition in Houston, Texas, which landed on one of the excavators performing the work. Thankfully, no one was injured in that collapse, but it could have been much worse.
The following is a guest post written by David B. Lever.
When construction sites are safer, then productivity increases as well as profits. More construction safety means less time lost due to accidents, lower insurance premiums, and less money spent repairing damaged equipment.
Jobsite pressures, such as time crunches and monetary issues can quickly tempt otherwise good people into making some pretty poor decisions. There are also others who use their construction business as a front for other illegal activities. Many people were arrested for a variety of reasons in 2016 and the list below should serve as both a reminder and a warning for those considering making bad decisions.